They're not your family tunnels, but a very complex network of tunnels which served as hospitals, living quarters, communication and offer routes, and also storage areas to the weapons and food with the Viet Cong guerrillas. These folks were constructed without the need for any sophisticated machines or tools only crude tools and human resilience. The Viet Cong guerrillas began building them on their resistant against french inside the late 1940s. Its original purpose was for communication between villages without getting detected with the French army. In 1960, however, Vietnam's National Liberation Front began excavating and extending the tunnels. The tunnel system was very strategic contributing to the victory with the North Vietnamese Army against the Americans.
Many of these secret tunnels were built underneath American bases. Its importance had not been only limited by military purposes but in addition became the hub of the Vietnamese community life because Americans burned and destroyed villages. Everything proceeded normally for that Vietnamese over these tunnels where lovers met, couples get wed, children went along to school, and performances were held.
All had not been normal, of course. The Vietnamese needed to face the contests of just living in cramped quarters where ants, scorpions, vermin, and poisonous centipedes thrive. Adding to that, they need to ration everything because food, water, and in many cases air were scarce. Most of the time, they only got from the tunnels during the night to scavenge whatever can be useful for the neighborhood whether they were supplies or food. When the Americans bombed and infiltrate villages, they had to stay during these claustrophobic quarters for which gave the look of endless days. Those living conditions made sickness, especially malaria, rampant. Actually, it has become the second major source of death among the Vietnamese in that time. In addition ,, most of the tunnel inhabitants had serious instances of intestinal parasites.
Even though the Cu Chi tunnels had been a haven for your Vietnamese, it has been a source of frustration for that Americans. They had tried various types of detection and infiltration that have been all a dysfunction. The American troops conducted large scale operations burning villages, bulldozing jungles, and destroying rice paddies. They deployed planes which sprayed chemicals to defoliate other locations burning it afterwards. Through each one of these offensive attacks, the Vietnamese guerrillas, combined with the other villages, remained safe and secured of their tunnels. Despite this, only 6,000 Vietnamese in the original 16,000 tunnel inhabitants had the ability to survive after the war.
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